Photographs were often made of twins, then, if a child died, there was a portrait by which to remember him. The procedure became more complex when a child died before their photograph was taken. If the twins were of the same sex, the surviving twin was photographed alone, and the photographer printed the single image twice, so that the twins appeared to be sitting side by side in the final photograph. If the twins were of opposite sexes, the surviving twin was photographed once in boy's clothes and once in girl's. In one case of triplets in which two boys died and their girl sibling remained, she was photographed once as herself and once in boy's clothing. The photographer then printed the 'boy' image twice, once on either side of the girl.



 – text: Stephen Sprague (1978) Yoruba Photography
  – image: Diane Arbus